What Is A Field Goal In Basketball?

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The primary objective of basketball is to score more points than the opposing team. The fact is, though, that this is only possible if your team consistently and effectively scores field goals. So, what exactly is a field goal in the sport of basketball?

A field goal is a two-point or three-point shot made by a basketball player during a live basketball game. When evaluating a player’s overall success on the court, the quantity and percentage of field goals are critical.
Let’s go straight into the meat of the topic with TSC.

What Is A Field Goal In Basketball Called?

In basketball, a field goal is a two-point or three-point shot made by an attacking player that counts for both points. The free throw is the only shot in basketball that is not deemed a field goal, which is recorded statistically.

The word “field goal” is unfamiliar to most basketball players. Instead of scoring goals or competing on a field, basketball players create baskets and take part in games on their home court. A three-point play in American football is also denoted by “three-point conversion.”

The phrase ‘field goal’ may appear to be a strange combination of words, but it is an ancient basketball term that dates back to when the court was referred to as the ‘playing field,’ and the baskets were referred to as ‘goals.’

When looking at a statistic sheet, the letter FG denotes a “field goal,” and there are three essential statistics to keep track of when analyzing field goal efficiency: field goals attempted (FGA), field goals made (FGM), and field goal percentage (FG%) (FG percent ).
There are several methods for kicking a field goal and numerous variations of those methods, but they are divided into two categories: two-point field goals and three-point field goals.

On the other side, the three-point field goal is represented by the letters “3 PM,” “3 PA,” and “3P percent,” respectively. Which classification a field goal belongs to makes no difference. However, three conditions must be met before the official can declare it a successful field goal:

  • When the ball is no longer in your possession, your feet must be within boundaries.
  • The ball must be out of your hands before the 24-second shot clock expires on your shot.
  • If the ball does not land in your team’s basket, the opposing team will be awarded the points for the game.

Is A Field Goal The Same As A Free Throw?

The free throw is the only shot in basketball that is not a field goal. Aside from free throws, any other photos taken anywhere on the basketball court are considered field goals. Generally speaking, free throws are shots taken from the free-throw line that are theoretically on the floor but are not used during the regular game.

What Is A 2-Point Score In Basketball?

A two-point field goal is any shot inside or on the three-point line that is not a free throw and is worth two points. In other words, if a player begins their image with a foot on the three-point line, it is considered a two-point field goal.
When attempting a two-point field goal from within the three-point line, there are various choices available to you:

  • A layup occurs when an attacking player drives to the hoop and shoots a two-point field goal from inside the paint line without contacting the rim.
  • For this definition, “dunk” means a 2-point field goal attempt in which an offensive player leaps under the basket and hangs on to the rim for a spectacular finish;
  • If an attacking player takes a 2-point field goal with one hand stretched away from their opponent and shots above their head, it is considered a hook shot.
  • An offensive player driving to the basket suddenly stops in the middle of the drive to float the basketball high enough to get it past the defense, which is known as a floater.
  • In basketball, a jump shot is defined as a two-point field goal made by an attacking player from any location on the court.

A field goal attempt in basketball is any of the scenarios listed above, and if the ball is placed in the hoop, it is considered a scored field goal. Other variations on the field mentioned above objectives should be addressed.
Jump shots, for example, can be characterized as follows: a standard jump shot, a turnaround jump shot, a fadeaway jump shot, a leaning jump shot, and a bank shot, among others. Whatever the variation, it is considered a field goal as long as it is a two-point shot.

What Is A 3-Point Score In Basketball?

A three-point field goal is a shot made with one’s foot beyond the three-point line by an offensive player during a game. If the athlete has one foot on the line when shooting the three-pointer, it is not termed a three-pointer. The three-point line is not straight but rather an arc.

The NBA’s top of the arc is 23’9″ away from the middle of the hoop, and it is 22’0″ away from the center of the basket on the other side of the court. On the other hand, these figures are lower in the FIBA, the WNBA, and collegiate basketball, respectively.

The most popular strategy used by basketball players to attempt three-point field goals is the jump shot, which is due to the difficulties of trying a layup while staying within the three-point line. Three-point field goals are attempted using a variation of the free throw, such as the ones stated above, and are considered successful.

Hook shots and floaters occur infrequently, but only when the shot clock is running out and the player has no other option except to take a picture, when an offensive player is fouled by the defense while attempting a two-point field goal, a three-point play for the team.

The attacking player is then awarded one free throw, giving them a chance to convert a 3-point play. If the player makes the ensuing free throw, it will not be recorded on the stat sheet as a 3-point field goal.

A two-point field goal and one free throw (an ‘FT’ on the stat sheet) were substituted for the miss. However, if the player makes the shot, the field goal is not recorded as a basketball field goal. Instead, they are owed two free throws by the referee.
It is considered a three-point field goal when an attacking player gets fouled while attempting to make a three-point field goal, and the player is awarded one free throw for their efforts.

While trying to make a three-point field goal in basketball, a fouled player is awarded three free throws; nonetheless, the field goal in basketball is deemed too close to the basket.

How To Calculate Field Goal Percentage?

The distance between the NBA’s basket and the top of the arc is 23’9″.
The NBA’s top of the arc is 23’9″ away from the center of the basket. When it comes to determining a basketball player’s effectiveness on the court, few statistics are more important than field goal percentage. There are a variety of techniques for calculating this statistic, ranging from the most straightforward to the most complex.

It is simplest to divide the number of field goals scored by the number of field-goal tries, then multiply by 100 to arrive at the final result. Consider the following examples to gain a better understanding:

100 divided by the number of field goals attempted equals the field goal proportion (field goals made).

When calculating field goal percentage, you consider all field goals attempted or made throughout the game. It implies that two-point and three-point field goals are permitted, but free throws are not.

Because three-pointers are more challenging to make than two-pointers, they have their statistics category for establishing shooting.

Whether you’re in the middle of a game or just getting ready, tracking and monitoring your field goal and three-point percentages is always a good idea. It is the most challenging assignment for a basketball player to achieve that delicate equilibrium.

What Is Effective Field Goal Percentage?

The percentage of field goals made demonstrates your effectiveness in the game.
To calculate the effective field goal percentage, add together all of the two-point field goals that have been made.
The value of this statistic will always be higher than the value of your regular field goal percentage since it represents your field goal % if you only attempted two-point field goals. Because they are worth more points in the game, you are more effective in the game.
Considering that three-point field goals are more challenging to make than two-point field goals, several basketball gurus have adopted a new measuring field goal percentage, which they call effective field goal %.
Then multiply the ratio of made three-point field goals by 1.5 and multiply that result by the number of made two-point field goals. Once you’ve calculated that number, divide it by the total number of field goal attempts and multiply it by one hundred (100); that’s all there is to it!

People also ask

What’s considered a field goal in basketball?

When a player scores a basket during regular gameplay from inside the arc that denotes the three-point line, they are referred to as making a field goal in basketball. When a player attempts a regulation field goal from inside the three-point line, it is referred to as a regular field goal.

Is a three-pointer a field goal?

An attempted three-point field goal (sometimes referred to as a three-pointer, three, or trey) is a field goal in a basketball game that is made from beyond the three-point line, which is a predetermined arc surrounding the hoop.

What is not a field goal in basketball?

The only shot in basketball that is not a field goal is the free throw. Aside from free throws, any other photos taken anywhere on the basketball court are considered field goals. Generally speaking, free throws are shots taken from the free-throw line that are theoretically on the floor but are not used during the regular game.

What counts as a field goal?

In gridiron football, a field goal (FG) is a method of scoring a touchdown. Field goals are achieved when the team in possession of the ball places or drops the ball through the plan, which is defined as passing it through the goal between the uprights and over the crossbar.

Are dunks field goals?

Slam dunks

Among the different field types, goal basketball is slam dunks, which occur when a player hops near the basket while possessing the ball.

Is a free throw considered a field goal?

Field goal basketball includes several different types of plays, the most common of which is a player jumping towards the basket while possessing the ball (slam dunk).


After reading this article, we hope that you will have a better understanding of what a field goal in basketball is and how it is scored. In basketball, any shot made from the court, whether it is a three-pointer or a layup shot, can be considered a field goal.
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